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Arkansas carries out 1 execution; at 11:56 p.m., drugs end Lee’s life

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Photographs by Benjamin Krain

Suzanne Ritchie and other members of the Arkansas Coalition to Abolish the Death Penalty hold a vigil Thursday night outside the Governor’s Mansion in Little Rock in opposition to the scheduled execution of Ledell Lee. Ritchie said she taught Marcel Williams, who is scheduled to be executed Monday, in junior high school.

GRADY -- Arkansas killed a prisoner Thursday night for the first time in more than 11 years after the state high court spared another death-row inmate's life.

Ledell Lee, 51, who maintained his innocence to the very end, was pronounced dead at 11:56 p.m. after a three-drug sequence took 12 minutes to stop his heart.

Lee, his eyes open while strapped to a gurney with IV lines inserted into both of his arms, did not make a final statement from the execution chamber even though he was asked twice to do so.

Two minutes after Arkansas Department of Correction Director Wendy Kelley called for the execution to begin at 11:44 p.m., Lee's eyes began to slowly shut and he appeared to swallow multiple times before his eyes closed for the final time at 11:49 p.m. A coroner pronounced Lee dead seven minutes later after opening Lee's eyelids and checking his chest with a stethoscope.

Arkansas executions


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A Pulaski County jury recommended death for Lee after finding him guilty in the 1993 murder of 26-year-old Debra Reese in her Jacksonville home. Circuit Court Judge Chris Piazza presided over the trial and imposed the sentence.

Reese's family did not comment after the execution, saying they would release a statement later. Her father Stephen Williams said in advance of Lee's execution date that he was certain of Lee's guilt.

Williams said the family would watch live video of Lee's death, opting to view the "private moment" in isolation rather than with other witnesses, including citizen volunteers, Lee's attorneys and the media.

Lee was convicted of invading Reese's home, striking her three dozen times with a tire thumper and strangling her. Reese was a newlywed with a 7-year-old son from a previous marriage.

Lee died after state and federal courts rejected his flurry of last-ditch appeals, which ranged from requests for fresh DNA tests to claims of intellectual defect and ineffective counsel. It followed an Arkansas Supreme Court stay of execution for 47-year-old Stacey Johnson, convicted in the 1993 murder of Carol Heath, to allow him time to argue for new DNA tests of crime-scene evidence.

Johnson also was scheduled to die Thursday, which marked the halfway point in Gov. Asa Hutchinson's plan to execute eight convicted murderers in 11 days. The hurried schedule drew a firestorm of national and international media to Arkansas to what would have been an unprecedented rate of executions in the United States since the highest court reinstated the death penalty 40 years ago.

But of the four scheduled to have died by now, Lee is the only one who didn't receive a court order temporarily sparing his life. The state Supreme Court stayed the executions of Don Davis and Bruce Ward on Monday before the midnight deadline.

Court rulings that went against the inmates Thursday opened the door for Lee's execution. The U.S. Supreme Court rejected appeals that the state's method of execution is "cruel and unusual" and that the compressed schedule prevented the condemned inmates from a fair clemency process.

Lee became the first Arkansas prisoner to die by lethal injection since Eric Nance in November 2005.

He also was serving 60-year and life prison sentences on separate convictions of raping two Jacksonville women. Prosecutors in the mid-1990s, after Lee received the death sentence, stopped pursuing different murder and rape charges against him in cases that included 1992 slaying of Christine Lewis, also of Jacksonville.

"Tonight the lawful sentence of a jury which has been upheld by the courts through decades of challenges has been carried out," Attorney General Leslie Rutledge said in a statement. "I pray this lawful execution helps bring closure for the Reese family."

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Hutchinson spokesman J.R. Davis said the governor "knows that this is the most grave responsibility he'll ever have."

"The family of Debra Reese will have closure this evening," Davis said. "For the first time tonight they go to sleep with the justice they have received."

Lee's attorneys left without making a statement to the media.

Hutchinson scheduled Lee's execution a month ago, but the inmate spent much of Thursday in limbo.

At 4 p.m., Lee refused a special last meal and opted instead to receive Holy Communion, Arkansas Department of Correction spokesman Solomon Graves said. He received a wafer or a piece of bread, and the wine was replaced by either grape juice or water, Graves said.

The Department of Correction prepared to execute Lee at 7 p.m. Three media witnesses, including an Arkansas Democrat-Gazette reporter, rode in a van beyond a fence, through a sallyport and toward the one-story execution chamber building, marked by paper-sized, red letters "EC." It's surrounded by other nondescript buildings.

The witnesses arrived at 6:22 p.m. but didn't get out of the vehicle. At 6:55 p.m., the van's driver told them Lee's execution had been postponed until at least 8:15 p.m. at the request of the 8th U.S. Circuit Court of Appeals, which was considering one of his appeals at the time. The appeals court later stayed his execution until 9:15 p.m., when it ruled on the last of Lee's appeals.

A U.S. Supreme Court stay remained in place for another two hours.

In the media room in the Cummins Unit, prison officials sat at a table chatting. One woman -- who did not give her name -- passed time with a coloring book after, she said, she felt idle Monday while the legal actions played out. She later stashed it away without finishing her page.

Awaiting any news, reporters flocked to the front of the room when Graves headed toward the lectern. They milled around, talking to one another and trying to get Internet service.

Just after 11:30 p.m., Graves told the group that the Department of Correction was ready to carry out the execution. Reporters fell silent.

The Arkansas Supreme Court on Thursday also reversed a Pulaski County judge's ruling that the state could not use its vecuronium bromide -- one of the three-drug "cocktail" -- after McKesson, the drug's distributor, filed suit claiming that the state used deceit to obtain the supply.

State justices then rejected a series of appeals by Lee, who requested postponement on several grounds, including that he was intellectually deficient and that his previous attorneys were ineffective.

Johnson, whose life was spared, was convicted of strangling Carol Heath in her De Queen apartment while her two children hid in a closet in April 1993. Heath's then-6-year-old daughter, Ashley, identified Johnson as the killer, and he was arrested on his way home to New Mexico a few months after the death.

Johnson was convicted in 1994, but the conviction was thrown out after a police officer was allowed to testify that Heath picked Johnson out of a lineup. Johnson was convicted a second time -- which was upheld by the state Supreme Court in 2000 -- in a retrial that included testimony from Heath, although Johnson's attorneys have said she was found incompetent to testify in therapist's records that were sealed at the time.

Johnson has maintained his innocence for the more than two decades since he's been on death row.

Both Lee and Johnson were represented in their appeals by the Innocence Project and the American Civil Liberties Union. The Innocence Project, founded in 1992, has used DNA evidence to exonerate 182 people, its spokesman Paul Cates said, but it has not had a successful case in Arkansas.

On Thursday, Innocence Project Senior Staff Attorney Nina Morrison condemned the state for what she called a rushed execution.

"Arkansas' decision to rush through the execution of Mr. Lee just because its supply of lethal drugs are expiring at the end of the month denied him the opportunity to conduct DNA testing that could have proven his innocence," she said. "While reasonable people can disagree on whether death is an appropriate form of punishment, no one should be executed when there is a possibility that person is innocent."

The scheduled executions attracted nearly 40 protesters to the Governor's Mansion in Little Rock and outside of the Cummins Unit in Grady.

Hutchinson was at his Capitol office because of a previously scheduled event at the mansion, a spokesman said. It didn't stop some 30 protesters from praying during a candlelight vigil.

One protester, Amy Washburn of North Little Rock, who is a foreign language teacher for online company VIPKID in China, said she thinks executions are "barbaric and archaic" and had to stop "regardless of what crime was committed."

"I think this is a lot about the drugs are expiring and where do the drugs come from, and let's look strong in front of the Republicans and the party in the state," she said. "I just think that killing somebody in any way is wrong regardless of what they have done."

Thursday's executions drew eight people, four times as many as those who came Monday and included Johnson's wife and stepdaughter and a relative of another death row inmate set to die Monday.

The executions' uncertainty after days of legal filings and court decisions had turned into an emotional roller coaster for Johnson's wife, Judy, and his daughter Latasha Logan.

"What they're going through now, they're actually suffering more," Judy Johnson said of the death row inmates.

Thirty-two inmates, all men, remain on death row.

Three Arkansas inmates -- Jack Jones, Marcel Williams and Kenneth Williams -- are scheduled for lethal injection by April 27. State attorneys have not appealed a stay of execution for Jason McGehee, whose execution date is also April 27.

Information for this article was contributed by Hunter Field, Brandon Mulder and Michael R. Wickline of the Arkansas Democrat-Gazette; and Emma Pettit of Arkansas Online.

A Section on 04/21/2017

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Arkansas Department of Correction spokesman Solomon Graves (left) walks back into the media center at the Cummins Unit after ... + Enlarge

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Randy Garner protests Thursday evening outside the Cummins Unit with (from left) Judy Robinson-Johnson, wife of death-row inm... + Enlarge

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Loretta Rech (second from left), her daughter Sarah and husband, Bill, join a candlelight vigil Thursday evening outside the ... + Enlarge

Comments

WGT says...

Whether in death or life, Lee would not have acted again. Rutledge and Hutchinson are as unconscionable in their action as is Lee. Sad, pathetic.

Posted 21 April 2017, 7:11 a.m. Suggest removal

AGG says...

Stop and think about what you just posted. Hutchinson and Rutledge just as unconscionable as Lee? It's truly sad that lives were ended on all sides. It's terrible that at least two women were murdrered and the lives of other ladies were ruined forever by Lee's actions. It's unconscionable that Lee's life got to the point where he would commit these crimes. It's sad he as able to evade justice for as long as ihe did. A message was sent to the world last night that was long overdue: don't rape and murder women in Arkansas.

Posted 21 April 2017, 7:42 a.m. Suggest removal

drs01 says...

ONE LESS MOUTH TO FEED.....praise the Lord and pass the biscuits. One down and 7 to go.

Posted 21 April 2017, 7:54 a.m. Suggest removal

AuntPetunia says...

Those officials were upholding the LAW. If you want to abolish the death penalty, then petition the legislature to change the LAW. I can't remember if/when that has ever been proposed.

Posted 21 April 2017, 8:03 a.m. Suggest removal

Jfish says...

Right WGT, I bet you would have a different opinion if you were able to see the victims' bodies after a heinous murder.

Posted 21 April 2017, 8:19 a.m. Suggest removal

Whippersnapper says...

WGT, you say "Whether in death or life, Lee would not have acted again."
.
The truth is that there have been numerous convicted murderers who murder more people in prison and several who have escaped and committed murders and other atrocities while free. There have even been numerous convicted murderers who are released "for good behavior" who then turn around and commit more murders. Your statement is woefully uninformed.
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Here's a story about one of our wonderful death row inmates who taunted the victim's family when he was sentenced to life in prison instead of death for his original murder, escaped, killed someone else in the process, and was then sentenced to death. Of course, platitudes like yours about someone in prison never acting again must be true, so this story can't be right, right?
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articles.chicagotribune. com/1999-10-05/news/9910050178_1_escaped-pickup-truck-cummins-unit

Posted 21 April 2017, 8:56 a.m. Suggest removal

Nodmcm says...

I guess that all Arkansans woke up today feeling so much safer now that Lee has been executed. Isn't it great that there will now be no more murders in Arkansas because we are using the death penalty again. Please remember that the murder rates are higher in states that have the death penalty.

Posted 21 April 2017, 9:23 a.m. Suggest removal

GeneralMac says...

Nodmcm............Will all murders in Arkansas stop ?
No!

But Lee will never murder again.

I,too , am apposed to the death penalty but I agree with Aunt Petunia that you either carry out the law or change the law.

Posted 21 April 2017, 9:46 a.m. Suggest removal

TravisBickle says...

Get-r-done!

Posted 21 April 2017, 9:47 a.m. Suggest removal

titleist10 says...

The headline says Ark "killed"an inmate he wasEXECUTED after being found guilty by 12of his peers -this is justice being carried out the murderer has no one to blame but himself he made the choice to take a life

Posted 21 April 2017, 10 a.m. Suggest removal

Packman says...

WGT just equated the criminal actions of a person beating, torturing, strangling, and killing a fellow human being who did nothing to bring on their death with the lawful actions of duly elected officials. Moron. F'ing moron.
.
Hey nodmcm - BFD. What would the murder rates be in those states without the death penalty? Your statement is ignorant of factors that contribute to the murder rate.

Posted 21 April 2017, 10:07 a.m. Suggest removal

drs01 says...

To all the peachers, lawyers, judges, and otherwise do-gooders who are upset with this execution, I suggest you read what these death row inmates did to deserve being there. The real inhumane treatment in their cases is keeping them alive for as long as we have.
I agree that a death penalty sentence may not reduce the murder rates, but as Forrest Gump said "it's one less thing to worry about" when we do carry out the will of the people and the laws of this state and take one of these sorry bastards out.

Posted 21 April 2017, 10:32 a.m. Suggest removal

bsmindboggle says...

It actually was the first time that Arkansas killed a prisoner since last April, when Christopher Wilson was shot to death while trying to escape from the Varner Unit in Lincoln County. Prison guards are allowed to kill serious criminals trying to flee. Wilson was sentenced to life without parole in the beating deaths of neighbors in Faulkner County, a 26-year-old woman and her eight-month-old child.

Posted 21 April 2017, 10:34 a.m. Suggest removal

PopulistMom says...

Ledell Lee also was convicted of two other rapes in Jacksonville. In another murder and rape case, he received a hung jury. He also was the prime suspect in still another murder and rape case. While the DNA and the eyewitnesses could have been better, his shoe print matched one at the scene and he spent $100 bills taken from her wallet within an hour of the crime. While the innocence project and ACLU do excellent work in some cases, sometimes they just are throwing up legal barriers to prevent the death penalty.

Posted 21 April 2017, 10:38 a.m. Suggest removal

gohogs17 says...

The picture of these so-called opponents of the death penalty seem aghast that an execution took place. If only they could have viewed the victims of such heinous crimes maybe they would change their minds. I agree that Arkansas did not KILL Lee, they executed him for his crimes. It's astounding that the ADG words things in that way! Of course, that's the liberal mindset so why should I think any other?

Posted 21 April 2017, 11:11 a.m. Suggest removal

haphog says...

Arkansas "killed"....... (BS);...."executed"....(good);...."exterminated"....(better) as in a rodent.

NEXT!!!!!!

Posted 21 April 2017, 11:22 a.m. Suggest removal

RBear says...

PM, I would suggest they are not throwing up legal barriers. I believe they are validating the evidence using more accurate means. When it comes to the life of someone, it's important to get it right rather than get it done. If you notice, when those tests validate a conviction, the Innocence Project stands down and let's justice take its course.
...
Having spoken with someone wrongfully convicted and on death row, I know there is a helpless feeling when faced with a justice system more focused on executing someone rather than executing the right person. Too many people dismiss the possibility of error and create the hurdles.

Posted 21 April 2017, 11:38 a.m. Suggest removal

PopulistMom says...

GoHogs,

I know. They are more upset when the death penalty is carried out than when an innocent person is murdered.

RBear,

I believe that there are many innocent people out there who have been wrongly convicted. The Richard Glossip case in Oklahoma is very troubling, and he is on death row. People do not understand how flimsy witness ids are or how cops can screw up evidence. I am glad that Scotty Scott finally was found not guilty and that the West Memphis Three were freed. I also believe that Jeffrey McDonald is innocent. However, I am not seeing anything to suggest that Ledell Lee or any of these others awaiting the death penalty in Arkansas may be innocent. I respect those who disagree with me on the death penalty; I just don't agree.

Posted 21 April 2017, 12:07 p.m. Suggest removal

rtw says...

Listen RBear, and all you other bleeding heart liberal snowflakes, Ledell Lee’s violent history of violent rapes and murders, leave no doubt in my mind that the vermin needed to be exterminated.

Posted 21 April 2017, 12:09 p.m. Suggest removal

RBear says...

PM, not denying Lee was guilty and justice was served. My point is that I want all options exercised before someone is put to death. A killing is a killing regardless who performs it and if the state is the actor, it should be faultless. I ignore statements like rtw who couldn't think their way out of a paper bag when it comes to rational thoughts.

Posted 21 April 2017, 1:04 p.m. Suggest removal

Kharma says...

Oh, all you aginners have 7 of the original 8 still stinking up the place; turn off the waterworks why don't cha?

Posted 21 April 2017, 1:49 p.m. Suggest removal

NoUserName says...

"My point is that I want all options exercised before someone is put to death."
.
Except, the options were exercised over and over. And even things that shouldn't be options - like claiming a drug near expiration is less potent. Or that the manufacturer is trying to regulate third party sales and wants the state to give back the drug. Or that this is cruel and unusual given that the SCOTUS said it was less than a year ago. All things that should NOT have come up in this case but did.

Posted 21 April 2017, 2:43 p.m. Suggest removal

rtw says...

RBear . . .send me your USPS address so I can send you a quarter to call someone who gives a $hit.

Posted 21 April 2017, 2:54 p.m. Suggest removal

Packman says...

Hey RB - Your "all options" demand is absurd. "All" translates to "unlimited" as there is no limit to what a fertile mind might conjure. Seriously, dude, do you ever read what you post? At some point reasonable people have to say "ENOUGH!" SCOTUS, led by newly appointed Justice Gorsuch, said "enough".

Posted 21 April 2017, 5:14 p.m. Suggest removal

RBear says...

Yea, kinda figured those responses from that crew. My guess is not one has ever actually met someone wrongfully convicted, nor ever cares to. Speaks to their moral fiber or lack thereof. BTW, all options does not mean endless options, but reasonable requests. The obese one is a good example of unreasonable and I agreed with that. But when a state misleads to get a supply I have to question whether they are acting on ethical grounds.

Posted 21 April 2017, 5:21 p.m. Suggest removal

LSS says...

Next!

Posted 21 April 2017, 5:49 p.m. Suggest removal

NoUserName says...

"But when a state misleads to get a supply I have to question whether they are acting on ethical grounds."
.
I don't disagree. But manufacturers, inmates, and lawyers have made drugs impossible to get. The state should be able to follow its laws - including the ability to execute a prisoner. As I said elsewhere, it's somewhat ironic given that a drug that would probably be more amenable (pentobarb) has essentially been cut off from use as an execution drug. But that isn't the point of these cases. The point is basically to try and abolish the death penalty. And THAT I have a problem with.

Posted 21 April 2017, 5:52 p.m. Suggest removal

Packman says...

Hey RBear - "BTW, all options does not mean endless options, but reasonable requests.." Now, you're just moving the goalposts. All reasonable requests were met on this a long time ago. Your argument is circular and your standard of no wrongful conviction ever at any time unreasonable on a variety of basis.
.
smart2013 channeling mrcharles in ALL CAPS. Not sure what to make of that.

Posted 22 April 2017, 3:40 p.m. Suggest removal

RaylanGivens says...

I think Smart2013 must have graduated fifth grade in 2013 and that was the last school she ever attended. Change your user name to DumberThanABoxofRocks2017

Posted 23 April 2017, 11:37 a.m. Suggest removal

PopulistMom says...

smart2013,

The man was convicted of two other rapes, received a hung jury in another rape and murder, and was the top suspect in another rape and murder. There were witnesses, a shoeprint, and he spent money he had stolen from her. Not everything is about black and white. White men also are being executed. If anybody is the racist here, it is you. It is just as bad to be racist against whites as against blacks.

Posted 24 April 2017, 6:36 a.m. Suggest removal

Whippersnapper says...

smart2013 probably thinks the guy who is scheduled to be executed this week who killed a girl, taunted her family when he was not sentenced to death, escaped and murdered again, and was finally sentenced to death was framed as well.

Posted 24 April 2017, 10:49 a.m. Suggest removal

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